The Internet Campaign to Help North Korean Flood Victims


   1.  UPDATE
   1.1  WFP on 12 February launched an urgent appeal for USD 41.6 
   million in emergency food aid for DPR Korea to assist 1,730,000 
   children and flood-affected adults - the most seriously affected by 
   worsening food shortages - over a period of one year. The aim is to 
   raise 100,000 metric tons of food, together with cash to cover 
   operational costs.
   1.2  Under this operation, WFP will provide nutritional support for 
   360,000 children under five years of age in order to compensate for 
   the reduction of food provided by the State to nurseries and 
   1.3  In addition, emergency food-for-work activities will be 
   assisted through the provision of rations to enable workers to 
   participate in heavy physical work involving clearing of 
   agricultural land and rehabilitation of rural infrastructure. 
   Removal of sand, silt and debris deposited by floods on farming 
   land will be undertaken. It is also proposed that vital rural 
   infrastructure and access roads will be rehabilitated or repaired. 
   To mitigate the effects of future floods, watershed management 
   schemes will be supported in particularly vulnerable areas. It is 
   estimated that some 250,000 collective farmers will receive WFP 
   rations under the food-for-work component of the operation.
   1.4  WFP and others have noted that the situation in the country 
   has worsened with rations as low as 100 to 150 grams of cereal per 
   person now received through the Public Distribution System. This 
   corresponds to about one-quarter of basic nutritional requirements.
   1.5  A joint FAO/WFP assessment mission in a report dated 6 
   December 1996 confirmed that DPR Korea approached 1997 in a far 
   worse situation than 1996, and would depend heavily on large-scale 
   international assistance. The mission recognized the most critical 
   period to be from July 1997 onwards. More recent assessments have 
   advanced that date to April or May. The mission noted that, because 
   of the 1995 floods, food reserves had been virtually exhausted. It 
   also observed that over half of the livestock had been culled to 
   provide meat but also to reduce demand for feed grains. As this and 
   other short-term coping mechanisms gradually were exhausted, the 
   food shortages have become even more critical.

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